Frequently Asked Questions

Question #1:
When did the Parents Action League begin?

Our group formed in the summer of 2010 in direct response to the Gay Equity Team (GET) seeking to overturn the Anoka-Hennepin District #11 Sexual Orientation Curriculum Policy (Neutrality Policy). We are citizens of the district who want to ensure that our schools remain focused on core academics and that a parent’s fundamental right to direct the upbringing and education of their children is upheld in the classroom. Minnesota Statute 120A.22 states, “The parent of a child is primarily responsible for assuring that the child acquires knowledge and skills that are essential for effective citizenship.”

Question #2:

How does the Parents Action League view the Anoka-Hennepin school district’s Sexual Orientation Curriculum Policy?

We feel the policy honors the rights of all parents and guardians to discuss the topic of sexual orientation and homosexuality with their children based on their own personal family values and beliefs. This policy prevents district staff from undermining the very values and beliefs that parents have the right to instill in their children and keeps our classrooms focused on core academics.

This policy helps preserve precious classroom time for the unbiased teaching of academics. Academic instruction is sacrificed when indoctrination of specific viewpoints come into the classroom. Our students need a thorough grounding in literature, history, mathematics and science to equip them for higher education and to succeed in a competitive global economy. We feel teachers should not be injecting their personal views in the classrooms on any controversial social issue whether it’s homosexuality, religion, or politics. Doing so may deter students from speaking up in class – especially if they know their teacher has an opposing viewpoint.

This policy also upholds the Vision Statement of our school district which includes “promoting high achievement for all students, acknowledging parent’s roles as their children’s primary educators,” and “providing a safe and respectful learning environment.”

Question #3:

Are homosexuals born that way?

It is impossible to prove that homosexuals are not “born that way” because you cannot prove a negative. However, the statement that people are not born homosexual, means that to date there is no genetic link to prove they are born that way. Many researchers on both sides of the aisle agree with this. Even Dr. John Money, a well-know pro-gay advocate criticized the inborn theory. In the 1970s he stated: “The child’s psychosexual identity is not written, unlearned, in the genetic code, the hormonal system or the nervous system at birth.” (1)

Masters and Johnson were equally adamant when they wrote in 1984, “The genetic theory of homosexuality has been generally discarded today…No serious scientist suggests that a simple cause-effect relationship applies.” (2)

Openly gay psychologist Dr. John DeCecco, editor of the Journal of Homosexuality, stated, “The idea that people are born into one type of sexual behavior is foolish.” (3) So why is the “born that way” theory so popular today?

In 1991 two studies boosted the popularity of that theory: the LeVay brain study and the Pillard and Bailey twin study. A close look at both of these studies reveals that they fell far short of proving a genetic link to homosexuality and the scientists admitted as much. It is also important to look at how they approached their research.

Drs. Pillard, Bailey, and LeVay did not approach their subject objectively. While this does not disqualify them from doing good research, we certainly must take into account what their feelings—more like wishful thinking—were on this topic. Pillard said, “A genetic component in sexual orientation says, ‘This is not a fault,’” and both Pillard and Bailey said that they hoped their work would “disprove homophobic claims.” (4)

LeVay, openly homosexual himself, told Newsweek magazine that after his lover died, he had decided to discover a genetic cause for homosexuality or abandon science completely. He also admitted that his goal was to educate our society about homosexuality and change legal and religious attitudes as well. (5)

LeVay has admitted quite clearly what his research did not prove: “I did not prove that homosexuality is genetic, or find a genetic cause for being gay…I didn’t show that gay men are born that way, the most common mistake people make in interpreting my work. Nor did I locate a gay center in the brain.” LeVay was even more emphatic when he stated, “time and again I have been described as someone who ‘proved that homosexuality is genetic’…I did not.” (6)

The Pillard and Bailey twin studies were unsuccessful in pointing to a genetic link as well. As N.E. Whitehead, Ph.D. stated: “Identical twins have identical genes. If homosexuality was a biological condition produced inescapably by the genes (e.g. eye color), then if one identical twin was homosexual, in 100% of the cases his brother would be too….Genes are responsible for an indirect influence, but on average, they do not force people into homosexuality. This conclusion has been well known in the scientific community for a few decades but has not reached the general public. Indeed, the public believes the opposite.” (7)

It is the broader acceptance of the inborn theory of homosexuality, fueled by the media, which has led to greater public acceptance of homosexuality. The media has been all too willing to boost to headline status the belief homosexuals are “born that way.” Columnist Ann Landers misled millions of Americans when she advised her readers “Gays are born, not made.” Many other public figures have done so as well.

All to often people who claim that homosexuals are “born,” do so in hopes that “born” equals normalcy and is therefore a natural, healthy variant that should be celebrated. Homosexuals know that promoting the belief that homosexuality is “genetic” will somehow translate into a more positive acceptance of this lifestyle. Gay activists are well aware of this and research studies confirm this. (8)

Homosexuals often take comfort by clinging to the studies because as one homosexual man enthusiastically replied, “I felt in my heart that this [homosexuality] is something I was born with.” He also added that the “born gay” studies, “made me feel good about myself. They made me feel less a sinner.” (9)

One of the most compelling reasons that we can say that homosexuals are not “born that way” (unable to change) is the undeniable fact that thousands of ex-gays have been able to successfully change their sexual orientation.

Even Dr. Robert Spitzer, the architect of the efforts within the psychiatric community that removed “homosexuality” from the American Psychiatric Associations list of disorders in 1973, admitted on the TV program 20/20 that he was wrong. (10) After conducting a new study in 2001, he concluded that men and women struggling with unwanted same-sex attraction could effectively change their orientation. (11)


(1) John Money, Perspectives in Human Sexuality (New York: Behavioral Publications, 1974), p. 67.

(2) William Masters, Virginia Johnson, and Robert Kolodny, Human Sexuality (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1984), pp. 319-20.

(3) John DeCecco editor of the Journal of Homosexuality, quoted in USA Today, March 1, 1989, p. 4D.

(4) David Gelman, “Born or Bred?” Newsweek, 24 February 1992, p. 45

(5) “Is This Child Gay?” Newsweek , 9 September 1991, p. 52.

(6) Simon LeVay, The Sexual Brain (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993), p. 122

(7) Whitehead, N.E. “The Importance of Twin Studies”

(8) Theodore Lidz, “Reply to ‘A Genetic Study of Male Sexual Orientation,’” Archives of General Psychiatry 50, no. 3 (1993), p. 240.

(9) Joseph Shapiro, “Straight Talk About Gays,” US News and World Report, 15 July 1993, p. 48.

(10) Interview with Dr. Robert Spitzer on the 20/20 ABC News TV program conducted by Deborah Roberts, Friday, February 4, 2000.

(11) Irving Bieber, Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study (New York, NY: Basic Books, 1962), pp. 318-19.

Question #4

What are the causes of homosexuality?

Psychiatrist Jeffrey Satinover says that in looking for a cause for homosexuality, we should not be looking for a “gay gene” that makes someone homosexual, because there is none. So what then causes homosexuality?

We cannot say that there is one direct cause for same-sex attraction as there are many developmental issues that can lead a person to take on a homosexual orientation. There are combinations of factors that make up each person’s unique struggle with homosexuality. Some of these include: dysfunctional family relationships, experimentation with men or boys, incest, negative body image, peer labeling and harassment, temperament, exposure to pornography, not bonding correctly with your own gender parental figure, abandonment, early trauma such as sexual victimization, and media influences.

The media certainly has had a powerful influence on youth today with the endless positive promotions of homosexuality in the movies and on television. This influence combined with the fact that young people sometimes feel the need to belong to a “tribe,” often leads vulnerable, insecure students to identify themselves as “gay.” This gives them a banner to march under—a banner, however, that leads to unhealthy behavior that can have disastrous consequences.

A close look at the impact of sexual victimization reveals there is a definite connection between child molestation and later identification with homosexuality. A 2001 study found that 45 percent of homosexuals and 22 percent of lesbians reported they had been sexually molested by a homosexual during childhood, compared to 7 percent of heterosexual men and 1 percent of heterosexual women. (1)

Sexual assault is a major trauma that can reprogram a victim’s view of who they are. In fact (according to a peer-reviewed 1998 study) sexually abused young males are “up to 7 times more like to self-identify as gay or bisexual than peers who had not been abused.” (2)

Probably the most common factor that leads a male into homosexuality is the relationship that a boy has with his father. As Dr. Joseph Nicolosi states, “The father plays a pivotal role in a boy’s normal development as a male. The truth is, Dad is more important to the boy’s gender-identity development than is Mom.”

In explaining what a boy needs in order to grow up straight, Nicolosi says, “Mothers make boys,” but “fathers make men.” This does not mean that the boy must be a macho man; it means that the father must “help him develop his own maleness within the context of the personality characteristics with which he was born.” The father needs to “mirror and affirm he son’s maleness.” In order for a son to grow up straight, a father “has to break the mother-son bond that is proper to infancy but not in the boy’s best interest afterward.” (4)

The issues for lesbians are somewhat different. Dr. Nicolosi states, “The major conflict at the root of lesbianism, I believe, is the girl’s unconscious rejection of her feminine identity. Women who become lesbians have usually decided, on an unconscious level, that being female is either undesirable or unsafe. Sometimes this is because the girl experienced early sexual molestation by a male. Other times (the more common scenario) it is because her mother appeared to the girl as either a negative or a weak identification object.” (3) This view of her mother can carry over into “a political position of radical feminism and of resentment toward men in power.” (5)

The causes of homosexuality can best be summarized by these two doctors:

Dr. Jeffrey Satinover, who has practiced psychoanalysis and psychiatry for more than twenty years, describes homosexuality as “A compulsion whose roots lie deep within the need to be loved and affirmed…” (6)

Dr. Joseph Nicolosi concludes, “As we have noted, scientists know the ‘born that way’ argument is not true. They recognize that a homosexual orientation results from a combination of biological, social, and family influences, reinforced by lifestyle choices along the way.” (7)


(1) M. Tomeo, D. Templar, S. Anderson, D. Kotler, “Comparative Data of Childhood and Adolescence Molestation in Heterosexual and Homosexual Persons,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol, 30, No. 3, 2001, 535-531.

(2) William C. Holmes, MD, MSCE, and Gail B. Slap, MD, MS< “Sexual Abuse of Boys: Definition, Prevalence, Correlates, Sequelae, and Management,” Journal of the American Medical Association, December 2, 1998.

(3) Joseph Nicolosi, Linda Ames Nicolosi, A Parent’s Guide to Preventing Homosexuality, (Downers Grove, IL, InterVarsity Press) p. 148

(4) Ibid., pp. 22-27.

(5) Ibid., p. 153.

(6) Jeffrey Satinover, Homosexuality and the Politics of Truth, (Grand Rapids, MI: Hamewith Books 1999) p. 200

(7) Joseph Nicolosi, Linda Ames Nicolosi, A Parent’s Guide to Preventing Homosexuality, (Downers Grove, IL, InterVarsity Press) pp. 166-167

Question #5:

If we don’t approve of homosexual behavior and affirm same-sex attraction, won’t we be causing depression and unhappiness for “gay” teens?

On the contrary, when a child has been deliberately misinformed about the causes of homosexuality and told that homosexual acts are normal and natural, all hope for recovery is taken away. Hopelessness can lead to depression and affect a child’s ability to be happy. If we really love someone, we’ll tell him or her the truth that change is possible.

Question #6:

What does the ‘Q’ stand for in GLBTQ?

The ‘Q’ generally stands for ‘questioning’ (but it can mean ‘queer’ as well). Gay-, Lesbian-, Bisexual-, and Transgender- identified students are all lumped together with ‘Questioning’ students. Herein lies the danger of homosexual clubs for kids called Gay Straight Alliances (GSAs) where questioning and confused young teens are encouraged (with tax dollars) to find an affirming environment within the homosexual club where they can explore their sexual feelings and pursue homosexual behavior.

As anyone who has been a teenager knows, the teenage years are a time of raging hormones, body changes, testing limits, confusion and trying to figure out ‘Who am I’? Enter the homosexual activists—who know that young teens will be receptive to their false, affirming messages about gender and sexual behavior.

Sadly many Christian parents have been blissfully asleep and unaware of how radical homosexual activist are targeting their children and undermining their values.

In 1993, Newsweek magazine ran an article written by David Gelman who chronicled the ‘questioning’ students and how they were being emboldened to engage in homosexual behavior. He wrote, “At high schools around the country, multiculturalism has begun to embrace multisexualism…more students seem to be coming out, and they’re coming out younger.”

Gelman continued: “Some high schoolers are coming out homosexual, some bisexual. Others are admittedly confused. ‘It’s very hard to figure out what you are in the core of your belly,’ says one Boston teenager who thought she was a lesbian until she found herself enjoying a relationship with a man. Teens’ eagerness to experiment made bisexuality almost “cool” in some schools. “From where I sit, it’s definitely more chic,” says George Hohagen, 20, a Midwestern market researcher not long out of high school himself. “It’s trendy even to ask, ‘Do you think I am?’” At meetings of Boston Area Gay and Lesbian Youth, support group leader Troix Bettencourt, 19, a public health intern, has seen an increase in teenagers who identify themselves as bisexual. They don’t want to be penned into one type of behavior, he says. “It [saying you’re bisexual] just says that you’re not yet defined and gives you some freedom.” It’s also easier. “After all, you’ve still got the straight part,” says 18-year-old Jessica Byers…who came out as a lesbian.”

These quotes sadly reveal what happens when teens are encouraged to experiment with homosexual behavior. Many adults regret the choices they made in their middle and high schools years, and now homosexual behavior has been added to the mix with its ensuing negative consequences—dooming many kids to experiment with sexual acts that will often result in eventual self-destruction.

Question #7

Is there a link between child molestation and later homosexual behavior?

Yes, there is a well-documented link between child molestation and later homosexual behavior. A 2001 study reported in the Archives of Sexual Behavior, discovered that 46 percent of homosexual men and 22 percent of lesbians recounted that a homosexual had molested them during their childhood, compared to 7 percent of heterosexual men and 1 percent of heterosexual women. (1)


(1) M.Tomeo, D. Templar, S. Anderson, D. Kotler, “Comparative Data of Childhood and Adolescence Molestation in Heterosexual and Homosexual Persons,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 30, No. 3, 2001, 535-531.

Question #8

Are homosexuals a legitimate minority?

The courts have used specific criteria to identity minority groups who are afforded the special protection of law. They are: immutable characteristics, political powerlessness, and economic deprivation. Under this criterion, homosexuals are not a legitimate minority since people go into and come out of the “gay” lifestyle. Homosexuals also have great political influence and personal wealth.

Question #9

Since the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 1973 voted to strike homosexuality from the official list of psychiatric illnesses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), doesn’t that mean that homosexuality is no longer a mental disorder?

No it does not. The 1973 decision was not brought about by any new scientific evidence showing homosexuality to be a normal, healthy variant of heterosexuality. No new scientific studies pointed to that. None. The decision was as a result of a deliberate campaign by homosexual activists who applied heavy political pressure by bullying, lobbying and disrupting the annual meetings of the APA using “any means necessary” to change public opinion.

In 1970, Ronald Bayer (then a Fellow at the Hastings Institute in New York) reported that homosexual activists within the APA planned a “systematic effort to disrupt the annual meetings of the American Psychiatric Association.” (1)

One of the psychiatrists who helped lead the charge to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association’s list of mental disorders in the DSM was Dr. Robert Spitzer. After gaining the respect of liberals and the gay community for being the architect of the movement to stop classifying homosexuality as a disorder, he lost that respect in 2001 when he conducted a study to see if change of orientation had really occurred with ex-homosexuals. His conclusion: “Like most psychiatrists, I thought that homosexual behavior could be resisted—but that no one could really change their sexual orientation. I now believe that’s untrue—some people can and do change.” (2)


(1) Jeffrey Satinover, Homosexuality and the Politics of Truth (Grand Rapids, MI: Hamewith Books, 1998), 32.

(2) “Historic Gay Advocate Now Believes Change Is Possible,” National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuals, 9 May 2001.